Modern Slavery

There are 21 million men, women and children enslaved on our planet today. They are held against their will under violent, coercive control. They suffer extreme economic exploitation and receive nothing but meager sustenance for their labor.

What is Slavery?

“Slaves cannot express their free will, are controlled through violence or threat, suffer extreme economic exploitation, and receive no payment other than basic sustenance.”

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How Many Slaves?

“The numbers are so massive that it is impossible for us to grasp their magnitude. It is easier to comprehend one slave than it is one million.”

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The Work of Slaves

“Slavery remains prevalent in four areas: Forced agricultural or industrial labor, bonded labor, involuntary domestic servitude, and sex trafficking and prostitution.”

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Where Does Slavery Exist?

“The 2012 U.S. Department of Labor’s List of Goods Produced by Child Labor or Forced Labor reports modern slavery — adults or minors incapable of consent — in 74 countries.”

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The Price of Slavery

“According to a recent International Labour Organization estimate, slaves generate an annual profit of at least $32 billion while victims of slavery lose at least $21 billion each year in unpaid wages and illegal fees for recruitment.”

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Why Slavery Persists

“As prices remain low while demand remains high, the cocoa industry in Africa is a place of slavery…With small plantation owners unable to meet their labor costs, slavery becomes an attractive option for those with no other options.”

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Signs of Slavery

“I urge all Americans to educate themselves about all forms of modern slavery and the signs and consequences of human trafficking.” – President Barack Obama

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Complexities of Cocoa & Child Slavery

“In cocoa production, factors such as extreme poverty and agricultural inefficiencies contribute to global economic injustice and foster the conditions that perpetuate slavery.”

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The Limits of Fair Trade

“Fair Trade is only a very limited solution and just a small piece of a much bigger puzzle of global economic justice…Fair Trade does nothing to address global production and distribution. These are the real roots of poverty, underdevelopment, and slavery.”

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Fair Trade and Ethical Labeling

“While Fair Trade’s impact is open for debate…(a company’s) product must meet the standards of the certifying organizations…With ethically branded goods, it is unwise to blindly accept the ethical claims of any company.”

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